China to Join the Nicaragua Canal Project
Anti-Imperial Canal Planned to be Inaugurated in 2019
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On October 15, 1984, Associated Press reported that CIA had written a manual for the Nicaraguan Contras entitled Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare. It focused mainly on how “Armed Propaganda Teams” could build political support in Nicaragua for the Contra cause through deceit, intimidation, and violence. In its chapter “Implicit and Explicit Terror” the booklet instructed the Contras “If the government police cannot put an end to the guerrilla activities, the population will lose confidence in the government, which has the inherent mission of guaranteeing the safety of citizens.” This was exactly what happened.
The manual was one of the issues the International Court of Justice (IJC) analyzed in the Nicaragua v. US 1986 I.C.J. 14 case. The ICJ claimed “Finds that the United States of America, by producing in 1983 a manual entitled “Operaciones sicológicas en guerra de guerrillas” [the abovementioned “Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare”], and disseminating it to Contra forces, has encouraged the commission by them of acts contrary to general principles of humanitarian law; but does not find a basis for concluding that any such acts which may have been committed are imputable to the United States of America as acts of the United States of America.”
Eventually, the CIA failed in its military attempts to bring down the Sandinistas, but succeeded in its Psychological Warfare attempts. The Sandinistas were defeated in the 1990 elections after public threats that the U.S./Contra would continue their war if the Sandinistas retained power. Later, in 2001, the Bush administration attempted to link the Sandinistas with the “War on Terror" as a means of intimidating the population into voting for the U.S. backed candidate. Things improved only in 2007, when Sandinista candidate Daniel Ortega became president. Since then, he signed with Venezuela the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. This may seem like a very brittle position, but in the actual geopolitical reality it may be enough to keep the CIA-terror under control.
Overall, the anti-American sentiment of the Nicaraguan population can be understood; the empire’s meddling has kept Nicaragua one of the poorest countries in the Americas. In 2012, America’s power is in clear decline, while Nicaragua managed to sign an alliance with Venezuela, a close ally of China. Venezuela is an emerging force, having entered Mercosur, and maintaining close relations with Cuba, Ecuador and Bolivia (the latter has also a complex unofficial alliance with the USA, its main “special sugar” client). These delicate alliances revived the Nicaragua Canal project since China is a major transporter of goods to the Western hemisphere and Brazil—the largest Mercosur member—is desperate to find an efficient exit to the Pacific Ocean. Moreover, the Panama Canal suffers from limitations in the size of ships it can serve—even after its ongoing expansion— and it favors Western boats. Everything is ready for an alternative path.
The project proposed by Nicaragua includes a feasibility study that must choose one of six feasible trajectories for the canal. This stage is expected to cost $350 million, while the subsequent construction could reach $30 billion. Nicaragua is too poor to conduct such a project; hence it is seeking international partnership. The canal will have a length of 200km compared to the approximate 80km of the Panama Canal. However, it will allow easier movement of larger ships, up to 250,000 tons, compared to the slightly over 50,000 tons of the Panama Canal. This means oil supertankers would be able to significantly shorten their routes; this market segment alone is enough to justify the project. Nicaragua claims that this canal could match the volume moved through its southern neighbor within a few years. If China is to invest in the project, its ships could assure such a volume.
Empire Hits Back
Costa Rica has the power to delay and cause troubles to the potential southern path of the new canal; thus, the latter would probably be avoided. That’s one small victory for the USA, one giant drawback for mankind. Except for this small issue, it seems there is no legal way the USA can further block the anti-Imperial Canal. This is a guarantee that we will see in the next future the latest CIA developments in PSYWAR applied again against some of the poorest people on Earth in the name of democracy.
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